TIPS and OPTIONS for use with LIQUA-TAN


1. Never roll up a skin and place in a plastic bag to freeze. This causes sweating and it takes longer to freeze, promoting bacteria growth. Lay out the skin in the freezer until almost to the point of freezing, then roll up and completely freeze.

2. Always thaw a raw skin in a salt solution with Basacryl NB KU.

3. To rehydrate a dry salted skin, first place the skin in plain water at room temperature. Use of Basacryl NB KU is recommended. Soak until semi-relaxed, then place in salt or pickle solution. Trying to rehydrate in a strong salt or pickle solution only is time consuming. The salt and/or pickle is astringent to the pores of the skin, preventing absorption. The use of Relax R and Bascal S helps to speed up rehydration.

4. The use of a fleshing machine or currier's knife is recommended. If not available, a heavy duty wire wheel on a minimum of a one-half horsepower motor will do an adequate job. For best results, let the skin stiffen up after removing from the salt or pickle solution before fleshing. Wear a respirator or dust mask and safety glasses when fleshing.

5. Heavy degreasing can be done through the use of Kerosene, unleaded gasoline, Coleman Fuel, or mineral spirits (always use these fuels or thinners outdoors). An option to these is Kemsol Degreaser which works like solvents but is almost odorless and safe to use indoors. Soak in degreaser for two hours and drain well. Wash skin in strong detergent to remove any grease that may be left in the skin. Kemal 4 is highly recommended for this purpose.

6. If a fur drum or old clothes dryer is available, the skin can be drummed with dry towels or rags to remove moisture. Set drier on no heat setting.

7. To rehydrate the skin after being tanned, soak in plain water with a small amount of Relax R and bactericide added for at least one-half to two hours depending on the thickness of the skin. Drain, roll up and cover with a damp towel until the skin is completely rehydrated. Resoak for another one-half hour if necessary.

8. For soft tanning it is recommended to use special softening oils such as Liqua Soft, Tanning Oil #l, Tanning Oil #2, or Soft Finish.

9. Wipe down hair sides of ears with acetone or lacquer thinner and paint with coating of 1 part Pre Tan # 110 and 1 part water after ears have been turned and salted.

10. Oil noses and eyes with Liqua Tan after the mount is complete yet still wet. This will prevent shrinkage and cracking while drying plus leave a fleshier look. When the mount is dry, any excess can be removed with acetone, mineral spirits, or lacquer thinner prior to painting.

11. Bacteria is the main cause of hair slippage. Refer to article on proper handling of skins in the catalog for more information.

12. If raw skins or the whole specimen is to be stored for any length of time in a freezer it is important that the freezer maintain a temperature of at least 15 degrees Fahrenheit below zero. In freezers that have a temperature of just below freezing skins may be susceptible to bacteria damage.

13. Antlers in velvet can be preserved by using Antler in Velvet Tan.
Note: - (Very Important) If antlers are frozen, make sure to thaw out completely before proceeding.
If skin is dried to antler, skip steps #1 and #2 and wet velvet with water before applying Antler in Velvet Tan.

1. If horns are soft, puncture the tips of the antlers with a large needle.

2. Inject Antler in Velvet Tan in vein channels around base of horn. Keep injecting until all the blood is completely pumped out of the tips and clear fluid is visible.

3. Paint on a heavy coat of Antler in Velvet Tan and hang to dry for 4 days. Then, rinse off residue in cool water and hang until dry. The velvet can be fluffed with a hair drier or air compressor and soft brush.

* The use of Aluminum Sulfate, Pre-Tan #110, and Bascal S is recommended to help produce a softer, better quality skin. These products also make shaving of the skin much easier. Each product has its own characteristics.

* The skin can be drummed in hardwood sawdust when 80% - 90% dry, to clean hair and help rake fibers for more softness and stretch. Never use Cherry, Walnut or soft wood sawdust. Hair Sheen and Soft Finish can also be used when drumming skins. Refer to product information pertaining to these products and their individual usage specifications.